Location: North and South Yemen merged in May 1990 into a United Republic of Yemen in the south west of the Arabian Peninsula. North Yemen was established in 1962 while South Yemen (formerly Aden and the Protectorate of South Arabia) became independent in 1967.
History: Centuries ago Yemen was a rich land of exotic spices, frankincense and myrrh. The legendary Queen of Sheba ruled the kingdom then known as Happy Yemen. South Yemen became the Arab world's only Marxist nation after independence.
In 1994, regional clan-based rivalries led to full-scale civil war. On May 5, S. Yemen declared itself an independent state, breaking away from united Yemen. The 2-month war ended on July 7, when Aden, fell to the northern forces. Losses caused by the conflict are estimated at $3b. Parliamentary elections were held in April 1997.
Agriculture: The economy is chiefly based on oil and agriculture. The main agricultural products are coffee, dates, herbs, fruits, wheat, millet and maize. Cotton, coffee, hides and skins are exported.
Industries: Food processing, mining and petroleum refining.
Mission in India:
Embassy of the Republic of Yemen
J-16, Hauz Khas, New Delhi - 110 016, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 2660 2482 (Ambassador's Office)
Fax: 91 - 11 - 2660 2483
Indian Mission in Yemen:
Embassy of India
Building No. 12, Djibouti Street
Post Box No. 1154, Sana'a, Yemen
Tel: 00 - 967 - 1 - 508084
Fax: 00 - 967 - 1 - 508105