Location: The Sudan, the largest African country, is a republic in north east Africa. The White Nile flows through the middle of the country and joins the Blue Nile at Khartoum. Sudan became a sovereign independent republic in January 1956.
History: The 12 northern provinces are predominantly Arab-Muslim, and the 23 southern provinces are populated largely by Christians and animists. The Sudanese People's Liberation Army (SPLA) (the mainstream rebel group which has been fighting for 16 years to free mainly Christian and animist south Sudan from domination by Islamic, Arabised north) maintains guerilla activities in the south. 1.5 m people have been dead from violence and famine.
In April 1997, Sudan's Islamic government and four southern rebel groups signed a peace treaty to end the civil war, by which a referendum is to be held after four years for Southerners to decide whether to secede or remain in Sudan. Famine and starvation were reported to be the worst in 1998. UN World Food Programme were flying in food as SPLA called a unilateral ceasefire in their fight with the north. Peace talks in Addis Ababa failed in August.
Chief Crops: The main agricultural crop sorghum is the country's staple food and cotton is the most important cash crop and main export. Other products include gum Arabic (world's principal producer), sugarcane, sesame, peanuts, dates, hides and skins, chillies, beans and corn. Forests cover about one-fifth of the land area, and most productive woodland is state-owned.
Minerals: Sudan's mineral wealth includes copper, gold, iron and oil.
Industry: Textiles, food processing:
Mission in India:
Embassy of Republic Sudan
Plot No. 3, Shantipath
Chanakyapuri, New Delhi - 110 021, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 2687 3785, 2687 3746
Fax: 91 - 11 - 2688 3758
Indian Mission in Sudan:
Embassy of India
PO Box No. 707, 61, Africa Road
Khartoum - II, Sudan
Tel: 00 - 249 - 11 - 451202, 451031
Fax: 00 - 249 - 11 - 472266
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