Location: Formerly part of the Belgian Trusteeship of Ruanda - Urundi in east-central Africa, the Republic of Rwanda became independent on July 1, 1962. One of the most densely populated countries in Africa, it is know as the "Nation of the Thousand Hills" because of its mountainous nature.
History: Rwanda presents a dismal scene of ethnic fighting. For centuries, the Tutsi dominated the Hutus (90% of the population). A civil war of 1959 put an end to Tutsi power. Many Tutsi went into exile. In 1963, Tutsi exiles invaded but it resulted in a large scale massacre of Tutsi. After coup attempt by Tutsi exiles in 1990, a multi-party democracy was established. Ethnic strife resumed and a peace accord between the government and the Tutsi rebels was signed in August, 1993. Thousands had died and the war had led to one of world's biggest movements of refugees. President Juvenal Habyarimana, along with the Burundi President, died in a suspicious plane crash in April, 1994. Ethnic violence broke out and 50,000 died in massacres. Hutu refugees in Western Rwanda crossed into Zaire as Tutsi rebels held 2/3 of the country. In July, the Tutsi-dominated Rwandan Patriotic Front named a Hutu, the new President. About one million Hutu refugees flooded back to Rwanda from Tanzania and Zaire in November 1996. Paul Kagame (sworn in April 2000) is the first Tutsi president of Rwanda.
Chief Crops: The economy is agricultural and remains mainly at the subsistence level. Coffee, cotton, sorghum, cassava and sweet potatoes are the principal crops.
Minerals: Minerals include tin ore, tungsten, tantalite, gold and beryl.
Industry: Industry is undeveloped. Food manufacturing is the chief industrial activity. Livestock raising is widespread and hides and skins are exported.
In July 2000, an international panel set up by OAU concluded that the genocide in which 8 lakhs Tutsi people were killed was avoidable, and the Security Council didn't try to stop it.
Mission in India:
Embassy of the Republic of Rwanda
41, Paschimi Marg, Vasant Vihar
New Delhi - 110 057, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 5166 1604
Fax: 91 - 11 - 5166 1605
Indian Mission in Rwanda:
Honorary Consulate General of India
M/s Sulfo Rwanda Industries
Rue de Lac, Ihema, B.P. 90
Tel: 00 - 250 - 74556
Fax: 00 - 250 - 74290