History: Portugal is a small rectangular territory in he southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal was an independent kingdom from the 12th century. It became a republic in 1910. The period 1932-68 saw a strong, repressive government headed by Premier Antonio de Oliveira Salazar.
In 1989, a package of reforms that did away with the socialist economy was approved by parliament. In August 1998, Portugal and Indonesia agreed to discuss an Indonesian plan that would confer a special status for East Timor. Portugal returned Macao to China in December 1999.
The Atlantic archipelagoes of the Azores and of Madeira form autonomous hut integral parts of the republic. Nineteen percent of the country is forest, where pine, oak, chestnut and cork grow in abundance.
Agriculture: Winegrapes, olives, grains and potatoes are the principal agricultural products.
Minerals: The major minerals are coal, copper, kaolin, volframite, lithium and titanium.
Industry: Textiles, chemicals, paper, footwear and glassware are the principal manufactures. The main exports are wine, canned sardines, tuna, anchovies, resins and cork. Portugal is one of the leading producers of cork.
Mission in India:
Embassy of Portugal
8, Olof Palme Marg, Vasant Vihar
New Delhi - 110 057, India
Tel: 91 - 11 - 2614 2215
Fax: 91 - 11 - 2615 2837
Indian Mission in Portugal:
Embassy of India
Rua Pero da Covilha, No.16
1400 Lisbon, Portugal
Tel: 00 - 351 - 21 - 3041090
Fax: 00 - 351 - 21 - 3016576
Azores Islands:Partial autonomy was offered in 1976.
The Madeira Islands:Off the North East coast of Africa. Autonomous Region since 1976.